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European 2005 - Technicals Rules
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These rules concern the 2005 European Championship of Pedal Cars.

The Karbyk Official Team, organizers of the 3° European Championship of Pedal Cars, adopts the following Technical Rule, already used in the editions preceding and unified in collaboration with the respective National Associations: BPCC (Great Britain) FEVP (France) HKHPVA (Hong Kong) and KARBYK OFFICIAL TEAM (Italy).

These specific ones in fact are presents also in these web sites:

English version:


 Italian language:



The European Championship of Pedal Cars was born by the wish of the 3 National Associations (Karbyk, BPCC and FEVP) to unite in a single friendly Continental competition the different teams organized inside own nations.

Pedal Car Racing is a friendly sport; it is therefore expected that all entrants will comply with both the letter AND THE SPIRIT of its rules.


Please take note that:

  • Even if the “pedal cars” are conventionally powered by a driver's legs, there is nothing in either the letter or spirit of these rules which excludes hand-powered vehicles.
  • These specifications must be read in conjunction with the race / series / championship rules wherever you intend to compete, as these may include further regulations specific to local circumstances.     These regulations may include, for example, maximum gear ratios, type of lights to be used during darkness, horn, etc; anyone intending to take a car to Hong Kong should note that caliper brakes acting on wheel rims are outlawed in HK.
  • Certain rules below have differences depending on whether the car was substantially built before the implementation of these rules.
  • The first version of this rule is dated 1st July 2000 (HKHPVA) with following revision dated 15th January 2001 (approval BPCC).     Annotations have been assistant in the version BPCC the 1st  January 2002.
  • Attention: some rules adopted in England and to Hong Kong have been suited in base for the competitions and the " customs " by now present in the years, but this doesn't substantially modify this rule.
  • Any team maybe introduce on own vehicles written advertising (sponsor) if it had the necessity of it for demands of budget.     Obviously such writings don't have to result offensive for everybody.     The dimensions to be allowed the identification of the vehicle (you see chapter 11 – Identification).
  • The organizers cannot be retained responsible for damages or wounds brought during the competition: every team is forced to hold a safety behavior suitable to the conditions of competition limiting the situation of danger for itself and for all the other participants.


Who intends to build or to modify own car to participate in the European Championship 2005 is kept to follow the followings technical specifications:


Chapter 1 – Number of Road Wheels.

Four, all functional and load bearing.


Chapter 2 – Configuration of Road Wheels.

2 anteriori e 2 posteriori.


Chapter 3 – Dimensions.

3.1 - Maximum overall length 2030 mm. (French cars accepted to 3000 mm max)

3.2 - Maximum overall width 1125 mm.

3.3 - Maximum overall wheel diameter (measured over the inflated tyre) 560 mm.
3.4 - Maximum height of uncompressed seat cushion (above ground level) 610 mm.
3.5 - Minimum distance between centre of wheels 650 mm.
3.6 - Minimum distance between front and rear axles 650 mm.

Safety Note: Experience shows that short wheelbase cars are significantly less stable in corners and designers are urged to ensure an adequate size for their cars.


Chapter 4 – Motive Force.

Motive force is that of a single driver.

Any system to alter velocity ratio between input and output is permitted (e.g. gears).


Chapter 5 – Manoeuvring.

5.1 - Steering shall be provided such that the car has a turning circle of not more than 10000 mm diameter (10 m which includes the width of the car) when underway.

5.2 - The design of the steering shall be such that the wheels can be moved from full left lock to full right lock in one uninterrupted movement.

5.3 - Steering must be effective on front wheels by a safe system of rods or cables.     All linkages must be secure and free of excessive play.     Four wheel steering systems are permitted.     Steering systems acting only on rear wheels are banned.


Chapter 6 – Braking.

Braking must be efficient, effective and balanced on at least two wheels with due allowance for wear during the racing.

N.B. We recommended the possibility to regulate the intensity to adjust at the usury that can present after an intense use in competition or in case of meteorological variations (i.e. rain).


Chapter 7 – Mirrors.

Mirrors, if fitted, shall not extend outside the widest part of the car as measured at any point perpendicular to the centre line and must be plastic or otherwise rendered shatterproof.


Chapter 8 – Seating.

8.1 - The driving position will be between upright and supine (not prone).

8.2 - The seat back recline angle must not be so excessive as to prevent a clear and easy view to the front.

8.3 - The driver must be able to get into and out of the car unaided.

Safety Note: Excessive recumbent angles on seating which in the opinion of the organisers will endanger the driver in the event of a collision will fail scrutineering on safety grounds.



Chapter 9 – Fairing.

9.1 - If a fairing is fitted all pedallers must either be tall enough to be able to see over it, or a section must act as a transparent windscreen.     In either case good all round visibility for the driver must be demonstrated.

9.2 - It should not have any sharp or dangerous edges which could cause injury in the event of a collision or rolling the car.

9.3 - The design of the fairing should be such that, in the event of the car rolling, drivers can protect their heads with their arms.     Where this is impossible roll bars must be fitted that are at least as high as the tallest pedaller in the team when seated and wearing a crash helmet.


Chapter 10 – Safety.

10.1 - Hand controls shall not be positioned near the chain or sprocket wheels.

10.2 - No protruding parts, which in the opinion of the scrutineers could cause damage or injury, will be permitted.

10.3 - Any entry, which, in the opinion of the scrutineers, is unsafe, will be refused permission to start.

10.4 - For the safety of all, suitable protection must be provided, within the overall permitted dimensions, to any items considered a danger by the scrutineers.     This could be in the form of bumpers, crash bars or a fairing.


Chapter 11 – Identification.

11.1 - Racing numbers must be clearly visible from the front, back and both sides of the car, from any reasonable viewing angle, including those represented by other competitors, race marshals and possible manual lap scorers.

11.2 - Racing numbers must be of highly contrasting colours and must be weatherproof (i.e. not paper).

11.3 - Minimum height of numbers is 150 mm and minimum width of stroke of each number 25 mm.

11.4 - Race rules of any Association may mandate colour schemes for numbers and their backgrounds to enable competitors to identify racing divisions; there isn’t a 2005 European Championship that take a single type of numbers and division.

N.B. The organizers reserved the faculty to predispose her adhesive-number  to apply to the single competitors, communicating to the single teams enrolled within 30th May 2005 their number assigned. In such case the teams will have to leave a free equal space in the 4 sides of the vehicle at least a sheet in fully grown A4 (297 x 210 mm).


Chapter 12 – Lighting.

Note: into National Championship of different Country there is also  foresee competitions in night-time schedules (i.e. 24 hours).     It is not the case of the 2005 European Championship where only the illumination is necessary for the moves in the evening hours into Monza’s place (it is not therefore requested for the competitions, but it is in demand for her “Monza’s circuit tour on Friday evening”).     Isn’t obligatory to take part at this tour but we are sure that all people like so much this idea… and we are present certainly!

On this case:

At least two headlights and two rear lights must be operational during any statutory lighting up period and shall be battery powered.     Lights must be fitted on a stable base for scrutineering prior to any lap with statutory lighting up periods, though may be removed outside any such periods.

Restrictions on the type of lights (if any) may be found in the race rules.